What Is Periodontal Disease
Periodontal disease happens because of infections caused by plaque building up in the supporting tissues surrounding your teeth. The tissues in question include the gums, surrounding ligaments and bone tissues. They also include the calcified substance known as cementum that surround the roots of your teeth. The very first stage of periodontal disease is called gingivitis and impacts only the gums. The usual signs of gingivitis consist of swollen, sensitive, and painful gums, bleeding during brushing and flossing. Bad breath, the growth of pockets between the gums and teeth which contain a dense, yellowish pus, and depression of your gum line which can cause your teeth to look elongated.
Preventing Periodontal Disease
Luckily, periodontal disease is easily preventable as long as the correct oral hygiene routine is applied. Consistent brushing of your teeth and your tongue is a vital component of preventing plaque from forming on the tooth surfaces and in between the teeth. Flossing pulls out food particles from between your teeth, and rinsing with an antibacterial mouthwash can get rid of any remaining food particles that brushing and flossing may have not removed. In addition, arranging regular comprehensive cleanings with your dentist is also advised.
There are a number of risk factors for the evolution of periodontal disease which include bad habits such as smoking or poor diet, genetics, and age. The positive news, however, is that you have a window of opportunity to reverse periodontal disease as long as it is caught in the early stages. Ask your dental professional about a comprehensive periodontal evaluation on an yearly basis to check for signs early enough to start the reversal process.
Where To Start
Reversing gingivitis requires developing the best oral health care routine as described above that incorporates brushing, flossing, and swishing. Supporting your immune system by eating a diet rich in fruit, vegetables, lean meats, seafood and whole grains, can help prevent the start of periodontal disease.
Treating Advanced Periodontal Disease
Massive strides have been made in recent years relating to the handling of advanced periodontal disease, and there are many options depending on various elements such as the amount of the damage the tissues have encountered. Please contact our office at your convenience to learn more.